A type of severe seizure, infantile spasms require urgent evaluation and treatment. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of infantile spasms is too often delayed because they may be subtle, go unrecognized, or be misdiagnosed as some other less serious condition (i.e., reflux). When associated with an electroencephalography (EEG) pattern of hypsarrhythmia (Figure 1), this is known as … Continue reading Infantile Spasms – Primary Steps for Primary Care
A child’s first unprovoked seizure is one of the most common problems referred to pediatric neurologists. This affects up to 40,000 children each year. While most of these patients will never have a second seizure, it is a frightening time for the family as they await diagnostic workup and neurology consultation. To help expedite care, … Continue reading New-Onset Seizure Clinic Seeks to Decrease Wait Time for Initial Evaluation
What is a Video EEG? Dr. Cynthia G. Keator, M.D., discusses what Video EEG does and how it’s changing the landscape for what we know and don’t know about epilepsy. Video EEGs help doctors see the physical characteristics of a seizure while reading the brain activity on EEG. This helps to diagnose the specific type … Continue reading What is Video EEG?
Staring spells is a common chief complaint in pediatrics often noted by parents or teachers prompting evaluation. While absence seizures are certainly on the differential, staring can be many other things and careful history and evaluation is needed to guide evaluation and management. What is the differential of staring spells? Often times staring events in … Continue reading Staring Spells – Primary Steps for Primary Care